What is Vertical Farming?
It is the method of growing crops/plants in a vertically placed stack. Vertical Farming or (Hydroponic Farming) in India is growing at a very awesome rate. As the population of India is increasing at a very fast rate.
So one immediate benefit of it is that plants are grown at many layers so increased production area.
Vertical Farming is done without the use of soil and sunlight. In vertical farming, the environment is artificially controlled so crop health and productivity are increased.
Since Vertical Farming is done without soil and sunlight so trough this method crops can be grown in Urban areas, Homes, and even spacecraft.
Advantages of Vertical Farming:
1. The crop cycle is reduced.
2. Very less use of water, in fact, it uses only 5% of normal cropping.
3. Since the environment is fully controlled, no need to use pesticides and fungicide.
4. Plants are free from any contamination.
5. Food fortification is possible during the crop growing period also.
6. Crops can be grown throughout the year. So no seasonal dependency.
How this will help India?
1. It can help India in its food security especially in vegetables.
2. Food Fortifications can help India in fighting the problem of Malnutrition.
3. Since Hydroponic Farming crops can be grown throughout the year so the seasonal variation of supply and inflation can be controlled.
4. This can be done in urban households so every house can grow vegetables for its consumption.
5. It also helps in oxygen emission and carbon dioxide absorption.
6. It can also help to feed the space crew. The green environment has a good psychological impact on crew members.
Disadvantages of Hydroponics farming:
1. Initial Cost is very high.
2. Proper training is required to grow crops through this method.
3. Too much use of electricity.
4. The use of chemicals may harm human health.
5. Only certain crops can be grown through this method. Like small and medium-size crops. Crops that are mostly grown through this method are mushroom, spinach, tomato, leafy plants. Etc.
Hydroponic Farming in India:
Various crops are being grown in different parts of the country like Banglore, Pune, Gurugram, Telangana.
FutureFarms, The Better India, Tritonfood works are some of the companies involved in Hydroponic Farming.
Hydroponic Farming is very popular in European and American Countries.
FutureFarms, The Better India, Tritonfood Works are some of the companies involved in Hydroponic Farming in India.
Though the cost depends upon the area covered. For 150 square meters of an area, the installation cost will be around 60-70 lakhs.