Lord Viscount Canning became the first Viceroy of India. The post of Viceroy was created after Revolt of 1857. The post of Viceroy of India was created through the Government of India Act 1858.
This post was created by the British Parliament to maintain a good relationship with the Princely State in India. As the princely state was the key who helped the British to suppress the rebellion of 1857.
He was serving as the Governor-General of India since February 1956 and became the first Governor-General and Viceroy of India in November 1858.
During the term of Lord Canning as the Viceroy and Governor-General of India some most important events took place in India.
- Revolt of 1857
- Hindu Widow Remarriage Act of 1856
- Introduced the system of Budget in India.
- Indigo Revolt took place in Bengal 1959
- Introduction of Income Tax in India 1961
- Introduction of Criminal Procedure Code(CrPC) in 1960
- Introduction of Indian Penal Code, 1961
- Government of India Act 1958 was implemented in India
- Indian Council Act of 1961 was implemented in India.
- Three universities were set up at Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay
- Formation of the Imperial Civil Service
The tenure of Lord Canning as the Governor-General of India and Viceroy was full of events.
He was key in passing the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act in 1956. This law makes Hindu Widow Remarriage legal. This was one of the major social reforms during his time.
The Great Revolt of 1857 took place during his period and he managed to control the revolt.
When power for the administration of India has been transferred from East India Company to the British Crown through Government of India Act 1858 he assumed the charge of Governor-General of India and Viceroy of India.
He implemented major reforms in the administration of India after 1858. like the implementation of the Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and restructure the hierarchy in the Indian army.
Indian Council Act of 1961 was implemented during his period. Through this Act, Indian members were appointed in the Legislative Council of the Governor-General of India and the system of Budget was introduced for the first time in India.