First National Park of India

Jim Corbett National Park is the first national park to get established in India. It is located on Nainital and Pauri Garhwal district of Uttrakhand. It is also the first national park in the Asia continent. It was established in the year 1936 as a Hailey National Park but renamed as the Jim Corbett national park in 1956.

Jim Corbett National Park became the first national park of India as well as Asia continent and was made in 1936.
First National Park of India: Jim Corbett

The area of Jim Corbett national park is 1318.54 square kilometer.

Jim Corbett National Park was established to protect the endangered species of Tiger in India. This park became the first to include in the Project Tiger of Government of India to conserve the tiger population in India.

Jim Corbett National Park is located in the Lower Himalayan region and covered with the tropical moist deciduous forest. Ramganga river passes through this national park.

Jim Corbett National Park is rich in flora and fauna. More than 488 different species of plants have been recorded in the park. Around 600 species of resident and the migratory bird has been categorized in this park.

Important fauna of this park: Tiger, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Elephant, Golden Jackal, Eagle, Chital,

Important flora of this park: Sal, Haldu, Peepal, Rohini, Mango tree, Bela flower, Bali flower, Kusum flower, Mahua flower

Jim Corbett national park has been divided into various zones for the purpose of tourism and safari. Some important zones are as follows

Bijrani Zone

Jhirna Zone

Dhela Zone

Dhikala Zone

Durga Devi Zone

Sitabani Buffer Zone.

declaration of National Parks in India

An area can be declared as a National Park by both central as well as state governments. An area is declared as a national park to protect the various endangered species so they can be preserved. If an area is declared as a national park then the limited human activity is allowed in this region. National Park is declared as per the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 enacted by the Parliament of India.

Declaration of National Parks.—(1) Whenever it appears to the State Government that an area, whether within a sanctuary or not, is, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological or zoological association of importance, needed to be constituted as a National Park for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment, it may, by notification, declare its intention to constitute such area as a National Park. Source: Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

National Park State
Manas National ParkAssam
Kaziranga National ParkAssam
Dibru Saikhowa National ParkAssam
Orang National ParkAssam
Saddle Peak National Park Andman and Nicobar
Button National Park Andman and Nicobar
Mount Harriett National Park Andman and Nicobar
Marine National Park Andman and Nicobar
Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh
Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh
Kanger Valley National ParkChhattisgarh
Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh
Sanjay National ParkChhattisgarh
Sultanpur National Park Delhi
Gir National ParkGujrat
Velvadar National ParkGujrat
Kachchh National ParkGujrat
Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh
Dachigam National ParkJammu and Kashmir
Kishtwar National ParkJammu and Kashmir
Hemis High Altitude National ParkJammu and Kshmir
Betla(Palamau) National ParkJharkhand
Hazaribagh National ParkJharkhand
Periyar National ParkKerala
Silent Valley National ParkKerala
Eravikulam National ParkKerala
Bandipur National ParkKarnataka
Nagarhole National ParkKarnataka
Banerghatta National ParkKarnataka
Bandhavgarh National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Pachmarhi National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Fossil National Park Madhya Pradesh
Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Pench National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Nawegaon National ParkMaharastra
Tadoba-Andhari National ParkMaharastra
Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharastra
Keibul Lamjao National ParkManipur
Sirohi National ParkManipur
Balpakram National ParkMeghalaya
Nokrek National ParkMeghalaya
Simlipal National ParkOdisha
Desert National ParkRajsthan
Sariska National ParkRajsthan
Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajsthan
Nahargarh National ParkRajsthan
Ranthambore National Park Rajsthan
Neora Valley National ParkSikkim
Singalila National ParkSikkim
Kangchendzonga National ParkSikkim
Marina National ParkTamil Nadu
Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu
Dudwa National ParkUttar Pradesh
Nanda Devi National ParkUttrakhand
Corbett National ParkUttrakhand
Rajaji National ParkUttrakhand
Valley of Flower National ParkUttrakhand
Sunderban National ParkWest Bengal
List of National Parks in India

Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife Sanctuary is defined by the state government to protect the ecology of the particular area. An area is defined as the sanctuary under the wildlife protection Act 1972. Upon declaration of an area as a sanctuary the right if the people living in the area get restricted and limited so that ecosystem can be protected.

Declaration of sanctuary.—2 [(1) The State Government may, by notification, declare its intention to constitute any area other than an area comprised within any reserve forest or the territorial 1. Subs. by Act 16 of 2003, s. 10 for the heading (w.e.f. 1-4-2003). 2. Subs. by Act 44 of 1991, s. 15, for sub-section (1) (w.e.f. 2-10-1991). 17 water as a sanctuary if it considers that such area is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, natural or zoological significance, for the purpose of protecting, propagating or developing wildlife or its environment.]

Appointment of Collectors.—The State Government shall appoint, an officer to act as Collector under the Act, within ninety days of coming into force of the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002 (16 of 2003), or within thirty days of the issue of notification under section 18, to inquire into and determine the existence, nature, and extent of rights of any person in or over the land comprised within the limits of the sanctuary which may be notified under sub-section (1) of section 18.] Source: Wildlife Protection Act 1972

List of Wildlife Sanctuary in India

Wildlife Sanctuary State
Pobitora Wildlife SanctuaryAssam
Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary Assam
Nameri Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh
Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh
Nagarjenasagar- Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana
Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana
Eturnagram Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana
Valmiki Nagar Wildlife Sanctuary Bihar
Great Nicobar Wildlife SanctuaryAndaman and Nicobar
Kachchh Desert Wildlife sanctuaryGujrat
Ratna Mahal Wildlife Sanctuary Gujrat
Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka
Ranibennur Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka
Kalakad Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
Anaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala
Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
Madhav Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh
Yaval Wildlife Sanctuary Maharastra
Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary Maharastra
Kinwat Wildlife Sanctuary Maharastra
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary Maharastra
Dampa Wildlife Sanctuary Nagaland
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha
Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha
Lothian Island Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
Saznakhali Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
Parmadan Wildlife Sanctuary west Bengal
Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary West Bengal
List of Wildlife Sanctuary in India
Bird Sanctuary State
Kolleru Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
Pulicat Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
Neelapattu Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary Gujrat
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujrat
Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
Adichunchangiri Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
Ranganthittoo Bird Sanctuary Karnataka
Karnala Bird Sanctuary Maharastra
Great Indian Bustard Bird Sanctuary Maharastra
Chilka Bird Sanctuary Odisha
Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
Vedantangal Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
Chandra Prabha Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh
Pakhiralaya Bird Sanctuary West Bengal
List of Bird Sanctuary in India
What is the first national park of India?

Jim Corbett National Park is the first national park of India. It is located in Uttrakhand.

When first national park in India was established?

Jim Corbett national park was established in the year 1936. It became the first national park to be included under the program of Project Tiger in the year 1972.

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