Raja Harishchandra became the first movie in India. It was screened on 3 May 1913 and was made by the Dada Saheb Phalke. This movie was a silent movie. Dada Saheb Phalke is called as the father of Indian Cinema.
Dada Saheb Phalke was a great innovator and Entrepreneur. He was inspired by the western movie. Movie in western countries like in Europe and America was popular at that time. The movie made in western countries used to get screened in the India sine 1902.
Some useful facts about Indian Cinema:
|First Movie||Raja Harishchandra, (1913)(without sound)|
|First Talkie Movie/ movie with Sound||Alam Ara(1931)|
|First South Indian Movie||Kalidas(October 1931)|
|First Bengali talkie||Jumai Shasthi(1931)|
|First Telugu Film||Savitri (1933)|
|First Colour Movie||Kisan Kanya by Ardeshir Irani (1937)|
|First Movie by Dada Saheb Phalke||Shree Pundalik(1912)|
|Father of Indian Cinema||Dada Saheb Phalke|
|Father of Telugu Cinema||Raghupati Venkayya|
|First Oscar Nomination for Best Foreign Language Film||Mother India (1956) Directed by Mehboob Khan|
Dada Saheb Phalke faced a lot of challenges to produce and direct his first movie. He has to not only arrange movie for production but also have to do most of the technical work through himself.
During the making of his first film, he faced the challenge of getting a female cast, so he decided to go ahead with the male playing the female character.
He himself did the editing of the film as the editing studio was not available in India. He used to dry the film in the night so that the image does not get fade.
Film Alam Ara became the first talking film made in India. This movie has sound along with the screenplay. This film was made by the Ardeshir Irani. Due to technological advancement, the possibility to record the sound in the movie became possible only in the 1920s.
To make his first film Dada Saheb has to go to Britain to learn about the art of Cinema Making. He went to Britain and learn about the art of film making. He also brings some instruments needed in cinema making from Britain.
Dada Saheb Phalke has to handle most of the work from himself like production, direction, scriptwriting, editing.. etc. Trymbak B. Telang was the cameraman who had shot the first movie of India Raja Harishchandra.
When this movie was released in the Cinema Hall on 3 May 1913 and it was a huge commercial success.
The Central Board of Film Certification was established in 1952 to regulate the content of the film industry. CBFC put the Indian cinema in various categories. Central Board of Film Certification work under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting which is an important member of the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister of India.
Certificate provided by the Censor Board of India
|U||Unrestricted Public Exhibition|
|U/A||Unrestricted Public Exhibition- but with a word of caution that discretion required for children below 12 years.|
|A||Restricted to Adult|
|S||Restricted to any special class of persons|
Raja Harishchandra was the first movie made in India. It was directed by the Dada saheb Phalke. This was screened in the year 1913.
Raja Harishchnadra is the name of first film made in India. It was directed by dada saheb Phalke and screened in year 1913
Mother India became the first movie of India to be nominated for the Ocasar(1956).