B.R. Ambedkar became the first law minister of India. He was appointed as the Law and Justice Minister in the Cabinet led by Jawahar Lal Nehru (Interim government). He served at this post from 15th August 1947 to April 1952.
Law and Justice Minister is an important post in the government of India. He is responsible to deal with with all the legal matters related to the Government of India.
Prior to becoming the Law Minister he was the head of the Drafting Committee in the constituent Assembly, which was responsible to draft the constitution for the newly independent Dominion of India. He was manged to secure the respectful place in the constitution for the untouchable section in the Hindu Society.
He succeeds to make the provision of reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the various government positions. Constitution of India makes a special article(Article 17) in the constitution to abolish the practice of untouchability only on his recommendation and demand.
Article 370, B.R. Ambedkar was against providing the special status to the Jammu and Kashmir. He refused to draft Article 370 of the Indian constitution.
He led a long battle for the depressed class of society. He published many books and journals to create awareness among the untouchable class and press the demand for untouchable. He was strongly against the caste system in Hindu society. He publicly denounces the book Manusmirti.
He led many movements to press the demand for untouchable and injustice done to the schedule caste. Mahad Satyagraha in 1926, Kalaram Temple Movement in 1930.
He used to publish various journals like MookNayak for the demand of justice for the weaker sections of the society.
He published many books like Buddha and his Dhamma, Thoughts on Pakistan, Annihilation of Caste.
He made a political party called the Independent Labour Party in 1936 and participated in the provincial election in 1937.
He was nominated as the member of constituent assembly from Bengal. He was made the head of the drafting committee in the constituent assembly. He served as the Law and Justice Minister in the Interim Government led by Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru. He served at this post till the first Lok Sabha was constituted in April 1952.