Rabindra Nath Tagore became the first Indian to win Nobel Prize. He became not only the first Indian but also the first Asian to get this Award. He got this award in the year 1913 for his work Gitanjali (Song Offering). He got Nobel Prize for Literature.
Rabindra Nath Tagore was the son of Devendra Nath Tagore. He was born on 7 May 1961. His mother died in his early childhood. He was a businessman.
Rabindra Nath Tagore did nor received formal education despite being several attempts were made by his family. Rabindra Nath Tagore was not interested in attending the classroom education. As per Rabindra Nath Tagore, formal education kills curiosity and enthusiasm.
To promote education in an informal and practical way he establishes a Visva Bharti University in the year 1918.
Rabindra Nath Tagore received the Nobel Prize for his collection of the poem with the name Gitanjali (literal meaning Song Offering). Originally these poems published in the Bengali language in 1910. This collection of the poem was translated by the Rabindra Nath Tagore.
The English version of Gitanjali was well received by the European countries and was translated in many European languages. Nobel Prize was awarded to Rabindra Nath Tagore mainly for his English version of Gitanjali. He was awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. Thus Became the first Indian to win Nobel Prize. In fact, he became the first non-European to receive Nobel Prize.
Rabindra Nath Tagore was also a nationalist who supported the national movement. He supported the many Indian National Movement like the Swadeshi Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement.
Rabindra Nath Tagore returned the Knighthood award given to him by the British Empire in the wake of the Jaliawala Massacre in April 1919.
Rabindra Nath Tagore also lay the foundation of Visva Bharti University in 1918 and inaugurated three years later to provide education to the Indian and as a center of excellence. He used the Prize money given to his along with Nobel Prize for this purpose.
Along with his father, Rabindra Nath Tagore contributed largely to the renaissance of the Bengali and well as Indian society.
He has composed the National Anthem of India as well as Bangladesh.
Indian National Anthem: Jana Mana Gana
Bangladesh National Anthem: Amar Sonar Bangla
He died in August 1941 at the age of 80 years.