First Election of India: Some Interesting Facts

The first Election of India was conducted from October 1951 to February 1952. This was the first polling after independent and since the constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950.

Campaign image of Indian National Congress in election of 1952
First General Election of India,
Source

When the newly drafted constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950 Parliament as well State Legislative Assembly had to be constituted as per the provisions of the constitution.

Constitution of India says that there would a constitutional body known as Election Commission of India to Direct and control the election for Parliament as well as State Legislative Assembly apart from for the office of President and vice president of India.

So just after enforcement of the constitution Election Commission of India was made and Sukumar Sen became the first Commissioner.

This time polling for both Lok Sabha as well as State Legislative Assembly was held together. Two states in which the Legislative Assembly did not go on the poll were Jammu and Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh.

Time Period October 1951 to February 1952
Total Number of voter 170 million
Total Number of participants 53 political Parties and 533 Independent Candidate
Eligible Age for Voter 21 years
Number of Phases 68
Election Commissioner of India Sukumar Sen
First place to vote Chini tehsil of Himachal Pradesh
Lok Sabha Seats 489
Maximum Number of seats won by Indian National Congress; 364 seats (44.99% votes)
Election Symbol of Congress Two Ox carrying York
Election Symbol of forwarding BlockHand
10 useful facts about the Election 1951-52

Indian National Congress was able to win an impressive number of seats 364 out of 489. Thus Indian National congress went out to form the government and Jawahar Lal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of India.

Communist Party of India was able to get the second position by winning 16 Lok Sabha seats in the election.

Prominent Leaders who lost the election : Bhim Rao Ambedkar and Acharya J.B. Kriplani

In this election, the ECI has to make them aware of the voting, right to vote, the importance of vote and procedure to vote. Election commission of India made a picture of the Electoral symbol of a political party because of the prevalence of large scale illiteracy.