Preamble of Indian constitution: Ideals and Philosophy

Constitution of India Preamble?

Constitution of India Preamble is the Preface of the Indian Constitution. Though it is the part of the Constitution it is not enforceable in the Court of Law. While reading the Preamble you will get an idea about what the is constitution all about and what it tries to achieve.

Text of Constitution of India Preamble

Preamble of India contains the ideals and philosophy of the Indian constitution and it is the integral part of constitution
The preamble of Constitution of India, Source Wikipedia

We, The people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, SocialistSecular and Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens

Justice: Social, Economic and Political 

Liberty: Of thought, Expression, Belief, Faith and Worship

Equality: of Status and Opportunity and to promote among them all 

Fraternity: Assuring the Dignity of individual and Unity and Integrity of the nation.

In our Constituent Assembly, this 26th November 1949 Do hereby AdoptEnact and Give to ourselves this Constitution.  

Importance of Preamble :

1. It tells about the source of authority of the constitution. i.e. We the people of India.

2. It mentions the date on which the Constituent Assembly has adopted the Constitution i.e. 26th November 1949.

3. It says about the Nature of Indian State i.e Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and the Democratic Republic of India.

4. It contains Philosophies of Indian Constitution i.e. the ideals and aspirations of the Indian Constitution.

 Meanings of various terms mentioned in the Preamble.

Sovereign: It means a government that is absolutely free to take decisions on any matter whether on internal matters or external relations with other nations or organizations.

Socialist: It was not mentioned in the original constitution but later added through the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution. It means a society in which social-economic disparity should be minimum. Various articles of the Indian constitution aims towards this objective like Article 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 38, 39, etc.

Secular: It means India would not give special status to any religion i.e All religions would be equal in the eye of the state. Article 25 of the Indian Constitution provides everyone freedom to  Profess, Practice and Propagate religion of his choice.

Democratic: It means government By People, for People, of People. Democratic government is elected by the people for a certain period of time.

Republic: It means the head of the state is elected by the people for a certain period of time. A democratic country can be a monarchy as well as a republic. India is a Democratic Republic country.

Philosophies of the Indian Constitution.

Justice: Social, Economic and Political

Social Justice: It means all the citizens will be treated equally. No one will be discriminated against on the basis of Caste, religion, sex, race, and place of birth. Article 17 of the Indian Constitution especially aims to abolish untouchability.

Economic Justice: It means all individuals will have equal access to natural resources and opportunities in the matter of public employment. Article 38 and 39 of the Indian Constitution direct the government to bring economic equality and prevent the concentration of wealth.

Political Justice: It means all the citizens will have equal political rights and opportunities i.e. the value of the vote, Right to participate in the electoral process.

Liberty of Thought, Expression, Belief, Faith, and Worship.

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution provides six freedoms to every individual. Freedom of Speech and Expression is one of them. Every citizen of this country has the freedom to speak and express his opinion and thought.

Article 25 provides the freedom to Profess, Practice and Propagate of his religious belief and faith.

Equality of Status and Opportunity: Various articles of the Indian Constitution aims to prevent discrimination and provides equal opportunity in the matter of public employment, political discourse and allocation of natural resources.

Fraternity: It literally means brotherhood. Fundamental Duty directs citizens to promote brotherhood within society. It is very important for the unity and integrity of the nation.

Whether Preamble is Part of the Constitution or Not?

Yes, Preamble is part of the Constitution.

The preamble is Justiciable in the Court of Law or Not?

Not, Preamble is not Justiciable in Court of Law. It means if anything which is mentioned in the Preamble and not fulfilled by state then you can not approach the court for their enforcement. 

Constitution of India Preamble can be amended or Not? 

Yes, Preamble can be amended by the Parliament. 42nd Constitutional Amendment added the word Socialist, Secular and Integrity in the Preamble of Indian Constitution.

Preamble of Indian constitution is borrowed from?

The preamble of the Indian Constitution is borrowed from the constitution of the USA.

can preamble of Indian constitution be amended?

Yes, Preamble of the Indian constitution can be amended as per article 368 of the Indian constitution.

Adoption of preamble of constitution of India.

The preamble of the Indian constitution was adopted from the constitution of the USA.

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