Constitution of India is basically a set of principle which guides the behavior of a state. At present most of the states of the world are functioning under the Constitution. There are certain basic functions of the Constitution. In a constitutional state power and authority of the various organs of the state are drawn by the constitution.
Articles of Indian Constitution.: Total Number of articles in the original constitution of India was 395 which has now increased to 448
Parts of the Indian Constitution. : The constitution of India is very voluminous so that it has been divided into various chapters for user convenient. Each part deals with different subjects. Total number of parts in the original constitution of India was 22 which has increased to 25
Schedules of Indian Constitution: Schedule is the appendage to the constitution. It is part of the constitution but it can be amended by the parliament by a simple majority. The total number of Schedules in the original constitution of India was 8 which has now increased up to 12.
PDF of the constitution of Indiaconstitution
Constitution has certain basic features that make it different from other laws. Like
1. It is the fundamental law of the land.
Which implies that all other laws/rules/regulations /executive order. . . Etc has to be in line with the constitution. Any law/bye-law/ rule . . Etc goes against the principles of the constitution then it will be declared as null and void.
2. It draws its authority from the people of the country which makes it Supreme law of the land.
3. All the organs of the constitution draw their authority from the constitution.
4. Constitution performs also one duty as it defines the relationship between the state and its citizens.
No other laws of India perform such a type of duty as the constitution does.
The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly indirectly elected by the people.
Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution on 26th November 1949. It came into force on 26th January 1950 while certain provisions were given immediate effect. Like citizenship, election. Etc.
Who made the Constitution of India?
It was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of India has a total strength of 299. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place on 9th December 1946. Time is taken by the Constituent Assembly to make the Indian Constitution was 2 years 11 months and 18 days.
The head of the Drafting Committee was Bhim Rao Ambedkar(B.R.Ambedkar). Who is considered the chief architect of the Indian Constitution?
The constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution on 26th November 1949. 26th November each year is celebrated as the Constitution Day in India. Which came into effect from 26th January 1950. Thus on 26th January 1950 first Republic Day celebrated in India. On 26th January every year Republic day is celebrated in India.
Who elected the members of the Constituent Assembly?
Members of the Constituent Assembly were having both elected as well as nominated members. The total strength of the Indian Constituent Assembly was 299 after the separation of Dominion of Pakistan. Members were indirectly elected by the members of newly elected Provincial Assembly(1946) members. While nominated members were from the Princely States.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place on 9th December 1946. While the last meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place on 24th January 1950.
Original Constitution of India:
The original constitution of India contains 395 Articles grouped into 22 Parts and 8 Schedules. The original constitution has been amended several times and now it contains 448 Articles, 25 Parts, and 12 Schedules.
Amendment to the Constitution of India:
The procedure to amend it has been provided in Article 368 of the Constitution itself. The special majority is required to amend it and Joint sitting is not possible in the case of the Constitution Amendment Bill.
Constitution Amendment Bill requires ratification by the majority of state Legislative Assembly(after passed in both the Houses of Parliament) in certain cases where Federal Features of the Constitution gets disturbed.
Parliament can amend any part of the Constitution but can not alter the Basic Features of the Indian Constitution. Constitution Amendment is subject to Judicial Review.
Till now the Constitution has been amended more than 100 times.
Features of Indian Constitution:
There are certain features of the Indian Constitution which makes it unique in itself.
1. Largest Written Constitution of World.
2. Borrowed from different sources.
3.Quasi-Federal in Nature
4. It makes the balance between Parliament Supremacy and Judicial Independent.
5. It contains detailed administrative features.
6. Fundamental Rights have been guaranteed by the Constitution through Article 32.
7. Parliament has been authorized to supplement the Constitutional Provisions.
8. Parliamentary Democracy with an elected head of state.
It was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of India. It took almost three years to draft it. It came in force on 26th January 1950.
It was adopted on 26th November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India.
It came into force on 26th January 1950. On the same date on 26th January 1930 first Independent Day was celebrated by the Indian National Congress after the Lahore Resolution for complete independent
Parliament of India can amend it with a special majority as per Article 368 of the constitution.
At present, it has 445 articles. Though original constitution has 395 articles.
26th November each year is celebrated as the Constitution Day in India. Because on this date it was adopted by the constituent assembly.