Article 13 of Indian constitution says :
Article 13 (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.
(2) The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by this Part and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.
(3) In this article, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) “law” includes any Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having in the territory of India the force of law;
(b) “laws in force” includes laws passed or made by a Legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of this Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas.
1[(4) Nothing in this article shall apply to any amendment of this Constitution made under article 368.]
This article says that all the laws which are in force immediately before the commencement of the constitution will become null and void if it is inconsistent with this Part of the constitution.
Apart from previous law, if any law made by Parliament of India, State Legislature or any other Institution is inconsistent with this Part III of the constitution then it will become null and void.
This article also says law means ordinance, Bye-Law, order, custom, notification, ..etc.
- What is article 13 of Indian constitution?
Article 13 is the second article in the Part III of Indian constitution. It says all the laws which were in force immediately before commencement of constitution will become null and void if it is inconsistent with part III of constitution.
The same is applicable to the laws made after the enforcement of constitution.
This article also deals with what all constitute within the preview of Law.